We get many questions about our farm fresh eggs. More and more consumers are shopping outside of the grocery store and instead, choosing to buy right from the source. Let’s be honest, farm fresh eggs aren’t always the same as grocery store eggs (they are better!). Here are some common questions we get:

How are egg sizes determined and by whom? Is there a universal scale or measurement?

When you purchase eggs at the grocery store, they are placed on a conveyor belt to be weighed and measured. This process assures that every egg is uniform in size and weight.

  • Jumbo = 2.5 oz
  • X-Large = 2.25 oz
  • Large = 2 oz
  • Medium = 1.75 oz
  • Small = 1.5 oz

Most hobby and backyard farmers have less technical ways of weighing their eggs. Some don’t weigh or size their eggs at all. For those farmers that do weigh their eggs, some use a kitchen scale and others use specific egg scales.

What is the general rule for baking when a large egg is listed in a recipe, but your hens lay medium-size eggs? Would that be converted to two eggs or one egg and only the white of the second egg?

Here is a handy guide for converting eggs for recipes:

# of Large Eggs: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Small 1 3 4 5 7 8
Medium 1 2 3 5 6 7
X-Large 1 2 3 4 4 5
Jumbo 1 2 2 3 4 5

And don’t forget about duck eggs too!  Duck eggs are AMAZING for baking. Despite being typically larger, they contain less water content so they can be used 1-to-1 with large chicken eggs in baking.

Are the shells of white eggs generally thinner than brown egg shells?

Shell thickness is dictated by breed, genetics and diet. A chicken who consumes ample calcium and has a well-balanced diet will have strong, thick shells. Often times brown and green eggs appear thicker due to the pigment added when they are being formed.

Do different colored eggs have different flavors (like honey from bees is affected by their pollen source)?

A few of my customers would say yes, but in my experience the color has no bearing on flavor. I guess this one comes down to the individual. Some people may have stronger taste buds that pick up on flavor differences. There is no reason for the change in flavor since shell is not the part you are consuming, unlike honey where the pollen is converted and consumed.

What makes yolks darker in some eggs?

A varied and healthy diet makes for a nice dark yolk. That is one of the staggering differences between store-bought eggs and farm eggs. The orange yolk can be startling when you crack open your first farm fresh egg. Don’t worry, it’s a sign of a healthy, happy hen.

Some things the chicken consumes can have a drastic effect on yolk color. Dark leafy greens and meat make for darker yolks. Marigolds are also known to make some startling orange yolks.

Does a speck of blood in an egg mean it has been fertilized?

Nope. Fertile eggs are identified using the white spot present on all egg yolks. The white spot on a fertile eggs makes a perfect bulls-eye. The white spot on an infertile egg is like a squiggly circle.

Blood spots in eggs are caused by the rupturing of a blood vessel near the yolk during the egg formation process. The hen is fine and the egg is fine, it’s just one of those things that happens from time to time. The reason why you rarely see it in grocery store eggs is because the eggs are held up to light during the packaging process and eggs with blood spots are used in recipes instead of sold as eggs.